Abdominal Obesity Surgery and Complications
Bariatric surgery involves various surgical procedures done on those who are considered obese. Long-term successful weight loss often involves altering normal body hormone levels, which lead to a new central hormonal balance, resulting in a new metabolic weight regime. Obesity is a
a growing problem across the world.
About one in four persons in the United Kingdom are considered obese. This condition can cause many serious health problems and should be treated. Bariatric surgery is a viable option for obese persons who do not have the means to lose weight naturally
or are not able to make healthy lifestyle changes due to their health conditions.
There are three types of obesity surgery, adjustable gastric band (lap-band) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, Sleeve gastrectomy surgery In the former, an implanted line is used to prevent the stomach from expanding.
In the latter, the small intestine is made less thick through Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery. Both procedures enable the person to eat smaller meals during the day and lose weight. Bariatric procedures are considered extremely safe, with few major side effects.
Patients who undergo bariatric surgery live longer than those who don’t, so there are substantial benefits. The main concern for most people is the long-term effects of these procedures.
People who undergo these procedures often regain weight quickly after leaving the hospital. They may also develop life-threatening diseases such as diabetes and gallstone formation.
Because of the risks involved, it is important to get a thorough medical evaluation before choosing a surgeon to perform bariatric surgery. Patients should know what to expect from the first consultation and discuss any concerns they have with their surgeon.
The surgeon will conduct a physical exam and review the symptoms of potential complications. This includes the use of x-rays, blood tests, and scans of the abdomen. Complications can be avoided if the patient knows about them well in advance.
Obesity Surgery Complications
A common complication during bariatric surgery is a hernia. When a stomach pouch protrudes
through the belly button, this is called a hernia. A hiatal hernia can be caused by a number of factors, including excessive eating or obesity.
This can occur when the stomach expands too far during the procedure, causing a bulge that leaks into the abdominal cavity. If this occurs, the
the resulting injury can cause a hernia, bleeding, or complete loss of the ability to heal.
Abdominal surgery can also lead to the formation of fistulas. Fistulas are tubes where the bowel passes through the body.
If the colon and rectum are damaged in obesity weight loss surgery, the resulting scar tissue can become a tube, leading to the anus. If left untreated, colon and rectum cancer can develop. These complications are rare, but their risks must be weighed against the benefits of surgery.
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